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7 Generations of Hicks Family Women in Thirroul

I’d seen another post where a writer reflected on International Womens Day 2014  and seven generations of strong women in her family. It triggered my thinking on the role of seven generations of women in my own Hicks Family in the small NSW seaside town of Thirroul.

We’ve had seven generations of women on Mum’s maternal side (Hicks Family) who’ve lived in Thirroul since the 1880’s, back when it was separated from North Bulli (now Austinmer) and it began to be called Robbinsville. Before that, from the 1830’s, earlier generations of family members had lived from Fairy Meadow to Austinmer.

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For 150 years our family’s women have lived in Thirroul – Austinmer, serving the Northern Illawarra community in many areas.

  • Margaret Hicks nee Daly/Brain spent her last years here in Thirroul, after living in nearby North Bulli (Austinmer) for over 40 years
  • Margaret’s daughter in law Mary Ann Hicks nee McKenzie spent nearly half of her 90 years here
  • Mary Ann’s daughter Edith Florence Joy nee Hicks lived nearly 50 years here
  • Edith’s younger sister Ida McKenzie Webb nee Hicks lived for over 30 years in Thirroul
  • Edith’s daughter Mary Constance “Molly” Callcott nee Joy lived nearly 40 years here
  • Molly’s daughter Joan Lois Adams nee Callcott lived all but 4 of her 80 years in Thirroul
  • Joan’s cousin Margaret Risk nee Joy has lived nearly 70 years in Thirroul
  • Joan’s daughter Kerrie Anne Christian nee Adams (that’s me) – I’ve lived here for over 45 years
  • Margaret Risk’s daughter Julie Risk has been here for 50 years
  • Kerrie’s daughter Katrina Elise Christian grew up  in Thirroul from birth and commenced her adult years here

Margaret Hicks was born in 1819, a daughter of convicts, able to read and write when many could not, including her husband, James Hicks. That she was literate undoubtedly helped their rise from small landholders to Northern Illawarra Pioneers  who supported churches, schools and were active lobbiers in political matters, while she was bearing and rearing 13 children to adulthood. Evidence of her capabilities ? Husband James Hicks appointed her Executor for his will and estate rather than his eldest son, Henry Thomas Hicks,  who was the senior JP of the district, presiding over countless court cases and Executor of others’ wills. Yet Margaret was appointed Executor of the Will and Estate in the early 1890’s, when she did not then enjoy the right to vote.

Mary Ann Hicks in 1839, was the first Australian born child of her McKenzie parents,  after they left the Isle of Skye, Scotland. The wife of a North Illawarra Council Alderman, mother of a North Illawarra Council Mayor and coal miner Union President – but Mary Ann, herself was active in the community life of Thirroul, as well as nearby Austinmer and Thirroul.

Edith Florence Joy, a widowed single mother raising her children in the early 20th Century years, long lived a little in the shadow of her iconic mother, Mary Ann Hicks, and supporting her daughter Molly’s community fundraising activities. Nevertheless she was active in community affairs in the town – in the church, fundraising for causes such as the war effort in WWI.

Ida McKenzie Webb was one of the early 20th Century school teachers in the northern Illawarra. After her marriage she retired from teaching, but remained involved in the Thirroul community fundraising activities for many years.

Molly Callcott, with her orchestra, was involved in many fundraising and community events in the years prior to her marriage and motherhood. Following her marriage breakdown, she was left to bring up her five children singlehandedly, and became a Hardies Rubber Factory Girl.

Joan Lois Adams was involved in many organisations from her late 20’s and generally as Secretary or Treasurer –  including Mother’s Club at Thirroul School, RSL Tennis Club, Stroke Support, War Widows Guild, RSL Laurel Club, Legacy and Red Cross. Joan’s cousin Margaret Risk, as well as daughter Julie Risk, have long been active members of the Kennel Club.

Kerrie Anne Christian followed in the footsteps of her community leader and Northern Illawarra pioneer great great grandfather Captain – Alderman Henry Thomas Hicks JP, and her Great Great Uncle Mayor & Miners Federation President Alex Hicks. She has been a NSW State Union President, an Alderman – Councillor on Wollongong City Council, Steelworks Quality & Engineering Manager, a Council member of the local University, occasional guest lecturing at the University on Women in Non Traditional Roles, and involved in many community activities over the last 40 years.

Katrina Elise Christian, an Engineering University student, is just starting out in life, and has already earned her Queens Girl Guide Award, presented by NSW Governor Her Excellency Professor Marie Bashir. The Queens Girl Guide Award requires community service – and Katrina has now worked her way up from being a junior Girl Guide leader to a full leader.

Cate Wilson – A Strong Champion for Thirroul

It seems that Thirroul is losing a few too many strong women lately this November 2012, firstly my own mother Joan Lois Adams (nee Callcott) on November 5 2012, followed by the indomitable Cate Wilson on November 17 2012.

I first heard of Cate in her role in the Thirroul Action Group in the early 1980’s – fighting to save Thirroul from being overcome by a series of 3 storey walk-ups, and higher, of an unending series of unit block after unit block and even what seemed then to be ever encroaching risk of high rise development. I had just moved back to Bulli and my mother, Joan Adams (nee Callcott), showed me some community newsletters put out by the Thirroul Action Group. In the north we were so lucky to have her fighting to preserve the character of the area, when it was under such serious threats.

Around 1984 I encountered Cate when we went to debate the future of South Thirroul when it was destined to be overrun by coal transport facilities including  40 metre high coal storage bins. It was clear that Cate was forthright in her opinions and did not suffer fools at all. I recall being at her home towards the late 1980’s as we battled on for the South Thirroul area. Cate and partner Eric Wilson were actively involved in CANS, Community Alliance for the Northern Suburbs – a Coalition of Community Groups established by then Alderman David Martin.

Also in the late 1980’s, Cate was fighting with Anna Whelan to save the Maternity Ward at Bulli Hospital, whilst partner Eric  was fighting on a different front to achieve better planning outcomes for the northern Illawarra.

Cate and her partner Eric were strong supporters of the Active Community Team that David Martin had initiated with Arthur and Jelly Osborne.

Cate and Eric continued to battle the war of attrition that seems to be inevitable in community politics – you win won round but the issue just keeps bouncing back again and again.

Around 2000 the Sandon Point debate had morphed towards a broad social movement that the local Wollongong City Council totally failed to appreciate. The internet and email facilitated collaboration across so many different community groups. This period saw the establishment of the Sandon Picket Line and the Aboriginal Tent Embassy of which aimed to protect the Sandon Point area from development. Cate Wilson became one of the leading members of the Sandon Point Picket, which unfortunately burned down after a number of years.

In the 1980’s Cate, and partner Eric, had restored a beautiful old home on Cliff Parade on McCauleys Hill in Thirroul. I recall some friends would refer to the house as “the one that had been done up by the two teachers” – Cate was a teacher of the Deaf and a strong member of the Teachers Federation.

Cate also painted beautiful watercolours of the northern suburbs area – I have a small one that is evocative of  the coast from Thirroul up to Coalcliff, looking up from  Norfolk Island Pines towards the cliffs. I also marvelled at the beautiful hand-knitted items that Cate often wore – another indicator of her talents ?

I doubt anyone ever ever intimidated Cate. She was always forthright in her views and you knew where you stood with her. An amazingly strong and inspiring woman.

Stories from Thirroul

A friend, Joe Davis, once commented to me, that lots of interesting people have lived in Thirroul. DH Lawrence stayed here, Gary Shead painted here, as did Brett Whitely who also died here. Mostly it has been males that have received recognition.

But Thirroul has influenced, & been influenced by, many interesting women – some I’ve known, some I’ve read about, or listened to the stories told by my mother. As a child I had been fascinated by these stories, however all too often we are too busy to collect these stories.

By chance I had come across Mary Phyllis Nicol’s story when searching on the Internet during my years as a Local Government Councillor. It seemed that there might be many such stories – so the time finally came to start to collect and share. As is the nature of a village like Thirroul, there are many family interconnections in the list.

Thirroul’s women have had diverse backgrounds, as they juggle many responsibilities and so to give them only a single tag is too constraining. The list will grow, and the spaces fill, with the stories I’d like to collect and share ….

Arts

  • Grace Cossington Smith
  • Judy Bourke
  • Juanita Bailey
  • Margaret Coen
  • Joanne Handley

Business & Professional

  • Sue Chapman – public and private sector executive
  • Anita Comelli – business woman & swimming instructor
  • Judy Stubbs – consultant social planner
  • Maureen Dignam – business woman
  • Margaret Bowen – CEO Illawarra Disability Trust

Community Activists

  • Delwyn Jones – community activist & scientist
  • Shirley Nixon – community activist
  • Cate Wilson – community activist, artist & teacher
  • Ann Ellicott – community activist – Thirroul Village Committee
  • Bonny Martin – community activist – NIRAG
  • Anna Whelan – community activist & consultant social planner
  • Edie Swift – community activist & oral historian

Community Leaders

  • Lyn Jones – Thirroul Village Committee
  • Lenore Gray – Thirroul Village Committee
  • Irene Redfern – Thirroul Senior Citizens Centre
  • Joan Callcott (Adams) – various community groups
  • Marjory Tolner (Joy) – various community groups
  • Marj Hargraves – Thirroul Neighbourhood Centre
  • Dot Sefton – local history
  • Wendy Joliffe – librarian

Educators

  • Pat Bowyer & Wendy Bowyer (Akhurst) – primary teachers
  • Betty Gibson, Pearl Lewis & Mildred Gibson – primary teachers & secondary teacher
  • Chris Campbell – lecturer – Notre Dame Uni Sydney

The Factory

  • Women from Hardies – from northern suburbs tales by Mick Roberts

Good Food & Wine

  • Gaye Kirkman
  • Lisa Ackerman & Suzette DeVille – The Flying Duck Cafe
  • Betty – MARS

Legal

  • Peta Glynn – Lawyer

Nearly Forgotten

  • Beatrice Southwell and Lucy Callcott
  • Mary Hicks

Performers

  • Margaret Fagan – musician
  • Chloe Roweth – musician
  • Amanda Baker – musician
  • Ruth – Thirroul Music & Drama Academy
  • Margaret Wolfe – Eisteddford administrator

Politics

  • Mary Reuben Hargrave – 1st Woman Alderman & Deputy Lord Mayor – Wollongong City Council, publican
  • Helen Gray (Kuiper) – Councillor – Wollondilly Council
  • Kerrie Adams (Christian) – Councillor – Wollongong City Council, technology manager & TJSC mum
  • Alice Cartan – Councillor & Deputy Lord Mayor – Wollongong City Council- Wollongong & TJSC mum
  • Karla Sperling –
  • Betty Woodward – wife & minder of Ald Fred Woodward
  • Sally Bowen – union offical, political & community activist
  • Carol Medcalf – unions, political & community activist, local government executive
  • Di Dixon – union official & TJSC mum

Science & Technology

  • Mary Phyllis Nicol – physicist
  • Florence Violet McKenzie – electrical engineer
  • Karen Fraser – ohs manager
  • Joanne Glynn – environmental scientist

Sports

  • Kerryn McCann – athlete
  • Taurie & Kari Kristiansen – Surf School

The Shops

  • Nelly Parson – Dressmaker
  • Mrs Frost – wool shop
  • Mrs Martin – draper

They Came & Stayed

  • Mrs Vasakos
  • Mrs Crittle
  • Evie Joubert

Writers

  • Baroness Frieda Von Richtoffen (Frieda Lawrence )
  • Susan McCreery
  • Jody Duffy
  • Christine Ambler (Sutton)
  • Jacqueline Coyle-Taylor
  • Mary Ijall
  • Inga Lazarotto
  • Amanda Kunkler

Youth Activities

  • Wendy Momsen – Girl Guides & TJSC mum
  • Rosemary Kettley – Girl Guides
  • Ann Ellacott – Girl Guides & doctor
  • Liz Elliott – Girl Guides & IT manager
  • Girl Guides – international ambassadors
  • Sue Plumb – Scouts
  • Danielle Foster – junior soccer official – TJSC